High Performace Coatings for Engine Cylinder Heads
One of the best applications for coatings is in combustion chamber areas. Coating the combustion chamber of a cylinder head can increase performance significantly. In addition, more compression can be run as the proper coating will provide resistance to detonation.
Tuning changes can also increase the level of power generated. Coating the intake and exhaust runners can also impact performance. Coating the exterior and the area under the valve cover can improve heat management. By coating the combustion chamber, we reduce the amount of heat that escapes during the power stroke which means more of the heat generated is utilized in "pushing" the piston down.
The coating also insulates the surfaces so that they absorb less heat, reducing the load on the cooling system and reducing the amount of dimensional change the head may see from the heat it absorbs.
By transferring less heat to the incoming fuel charge detonation is reduced, as pre ignition which causes detonation, is generally the result of excessive heat absorption by the fuel as it enters the combustion chamber.
By allowing the heat of combustion to be more efficiently used, the fuel charge is better combusted, allowing more compression while reducing the fuel quantity need (in most cases) and increasing power. By accelerating the burn rate of the fuel, through better heat management, less timing is needed to have the optimum burn occur at top dead center. CBC2 is the standard coating to be used, with CBX recommended for very high compression motors (13:1 and above) or for engines that have tight quench areas as well as Turbo Charged, Super Charged and engines utilizing Nitrous Oxide systems.
Coating the ports helps with flow and provides additional thermal benefits. Coating the intake runner with a Dry Film Coating can reduce fuel drop out while insulating the incoming fuel from the heat of the head.